types of ficus elastica

Ficus Alii Plant. Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. Rubber Plant. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. It is native to India and Pakistan and can grow up to a height of 5-8 feet. Botanical Name: Ficus benghalensis Audrey, Other Names: Banyan Tree, Strangler Fig, Audrey. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. Jan 27, 2020 - Explore Tammy Finch's board "Ficus Elastica", followed by 2177 people on Pinterest. Botanical Name: Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii.’, Other Names:  Amstel King, Ficus Amstel, Saber Ficus, Banana-Leaf Ficus. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. The origin of the Ficus is from South-East Asia, you can find this plant mainly in Indonesia. Weeping Fig. AgeratumBotanical Name: Ageratum houstonianumAlso known as... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home, To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click, To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click, Preparing your Garden for Spring | Garden Preparation For Spring Planting, 16 Secrets of High Yield Plant Growth | Natural Ingredients For Productive Garden, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. Different types of ficus have been popular for as long as people have been keeping houseplants. The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. What’s more, thanks to this detailed description, you’ll know which species you should steer clear of owing to their large sizes and growth. Wipe the leaves using a soaked towel to keep them moist. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. Make sure the plant receives bright and indirect sunlight. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of 5-6 feet indoors. The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. Keep the plant near a sunny spot, preferably an east-facing window. This process allows the Ficus benghalensis trees to spread over and cover a large area. Give the Ficus an even environment with lots of light all year round, but avoid direct sunlight. Ficus congesta or the cluster figs trees are trees indigenous to Indonesia and the Philippines. Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant. They’re easy to grow and maintain if they’re grown in the right manner. The Rubber Plant is also known as Ficus elastica and Rubber Tree. You have entered an incorrect email address! The Ficus elastica is the one Ficus that I have included on my list of best house plants. Variegated Types Of Ficus Elastica Varieties There are several varieties of Ficus elastica which are variegated with shades of green and white or creamy yellow. These trees grow up to the height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, in their native areas. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a narrow hole and lose their wings in the process, forcing them to remain inside and eventually die. A variegated creeping fig, Bellus has a medium growth rate and beautiful white edges around the leaves. Growing a Cutting Garden? Fiddle Leaf Fig is a great pick when it comes to choosing a perfect indoor plant for your living room or office. Other facts about Ficus Elastica The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. This tough plant adapts easily to conditions and once acclimated it can grow to 6 feet tall or taller. Because the pollinator wasp is not yet present, F. elastica seeds are not viable. Bengal Fig is an astounding ornamental indoor plant, featuring olive-shaped leaves with a leathery touch. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a delightful, indoor house plant with small, lush green leaves with a leathery feel. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. Native … The F. pumila is a drought tolerant species. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. The rubber plant (Ficus elastica) comes from the Himalayan regions and performs well in USDA Zones 10 to 12. Botanical Name: Ficus pumila Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. Ficus Elastica Melany Origin. Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. Ficus elastica ‘Burgundy’: This rubber plant variety grows … The leaves of the Ficus Ali plant are long, narrow shaped and are olive green in color. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. Propagation: F. elastica can be propagated by cuttings or air layers (Brickel and Zuk 1996). Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. They grow outdoors year-round in temperate climates and can reach 80-100’ in nature. To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click here! These long roots help the tree absorb water, and even draw water from under the ground when required. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ficus fruit. See more ideas about Ficus elastica, Ficus, Planting flowers. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click here! The rubber plant has a large, oval-shaped, dark-glossy green foliage and a tall structure that grows pretty well, vertically upwards to a height of 6-10 feet tall. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a ... 2. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. Also, it helps in purifying the air quality of your home. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Types of Ficus Trees. Probably, it is one of the most easygoing types of ficus. Rubber tree plant is one common name for Ficus elastica, a species of large tree native to parts of India and Indonesia. The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. This is about repotting Rubber Plants in pots as indoor plants. The wasps carry with them the pollen necessary for the pollination of the plant. The Spruce / Cara Cormack Ficus elastica, also known as the rubber plant, is an unusual-looking plant from the tropics of Southeast Asia with huge, soft leaves and an exotic name. 1. The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddleleaf Fig, is revered in the groovy design world but we know many find it a challenge to grow. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. Avoid exposure to bright and direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. It has dark-green leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an ideal bonsai specimen. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Ficus elastica ‘Decora’: This variety grows dark green leaves that are thick and glossy. As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. It originates in East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and China. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. This also helps to create an encouraging habitat for many other animals who then take shelter in the fig trees’ shade in times heat waves and dry spells. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. It also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in balancing the humidity of your space. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. The Ficus or fig tree has been highly sought after and grown since ancient times. Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. It is also more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature -1.1 °C, at which it can be exposed without damaging. Fiddle Leaf Fig. Water the plants moderately and avoid overwatering. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. It belongs to the Moraceae family (Mulberry-like species). We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. It prefers moderate temperatures for development, around 60 to 72°F (15 to 22°C). 1. Other Names: Indian Laurel, Curtain Fig, Laurel Fig, Strangling Fig, Laurel Rubber. Wipe the leaves regularly with a cloth to avoid the accumulation of dust. Edible species of Ficus include Ficus auriculata (edible young leaves and female fruit), F. callosa (edible young leaf) and F. oligodon (edible mature female fruit), while Ficus semicordata is used both as edible fruit, but also for its roots, which are used to treat bladder diseases. How to Care for a Ficus Robusta. If grown in favorable conditions, these trees can grow over 100 feet tall in length. Avoid it’s exposure to sudden temperature variations. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. This ficus variety needs indirect lighting or partial shade positions. This fashionable plant grows up to a height of 5-6 feet indoors in the right nurturing conditions. To show off the contrast of the variegation, plants need to be in plenty of light. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. Ficus Elastica from the Moraceae family goes by many different names depending on the country, but the most commonly used worldwide is rubber fig or rubber tree. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. Ficus elastica is their botanical name and besides Rubber Plant, they ‘re also called Rubber Tree, Rubber Fig and India Rubber Tree. This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. The fruits of this … Ficus benjamina trees are commonly known as weeping trees because of their shedding leaves. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts), 6 Ways to Store Bok Choy so It Lasts Longer, Modern Architectural Home with Panoramic Views of the Silicon Beach in Venice, CA, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. More specific named highlights include the compact Ficus Decora, and the dark green almost black leaved Black Prince and Ficus Burgundy. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. Ficus elastica 'Burgundy'. This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. Fig trees are popular for their unusual pollination process. Another popular choice for home decorating is the beautiful fiddle leaf fig. They tend to shed off their leaves whenever they are moved to another position or in an unfavorable habitat. You might also come across some of the variegated Rubber Plant types. Ficus are getting their moment in the proverbial sun with the current love affair with the Fiddle Leaf Fig. Characteristics of Ficus Elastica. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types.

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